An application for a residence permit can only be initiated by an employee. An application for a residence permit is submitted electronically through the Enter Finland service or through a paper application submitted to the Finnish mission abroad. If the employee is in Finland, the application may be submitted to the service point of the Finnish Immigration Service. If the application has been submitted in an electronic service, the applicant must visit the Finnish mission or the service point of the Finnish Immigration Service to prove his or her identity and present the original copies of the appendices to the application. If an extension has been applied for in the Enter Finland service, the applicant does not have to visit the service point to prove his or her identity and leave his or her fingerprints if strong electronic authentication has been used.
For more information about using Enter Finland
Enter Finland for employers, in Finnish (pdf)
An employee's residence permit application must be accompanied by an appendix form of the TE Office (TEM054), which is signed by the employer and in which the employer insures the central terms of the employment relationship as required by the Aliens Act. The TEM054 appendix form attached to the application is electronically available to the TE Office and does not need to be delivered separately to the TE Office. The TEM054 form lists the attachments that are most commonly needed to process a residence permit application. Attaching attachments to an application will speed up the processing of the application at the TE Office.
For more information on completing the TEM054:
Instructions for completing the TEM054 form, in Finnish, (pdf)
For more information on the delivery of other attachments:
Appendices to the employee's residence permit application, in Finnish, (pdf)
An employee's residence permit application is processed in two stages. The TE Office will make a partial decision on the matter, after which the final decision will be made by the Finnish Immigration Service.
The processing time of applications in TE Offices varies regionally according to the work situation and, if necessary, additional clarifications from the employer and/or applicant. The time limit for processing the application will be interrupted if the TE Office has to request further clarification, so please ensure that all the appendices mentioned in the TEM054 form have been delivered with the application.
The TE Office's partial decision is based on overall consideration, which includes the availability of labour, the terms of employment relationship and the assessment of the employer's and employee’s qualifications. The employee's livelihood must also be determined.
The Finnish Immigration Service will notify the decision. Both the residence permit decision and the partial decision of the TE Office's employment permit unit are notified. The decision is also sent to the employer for information. The employer always receives at least the partial decision.
Appeals to the decision of the Finnish Immigration Service may be lodged with the Administrative Court. Both the applicant and the employer can make an appeal. The employer can only appeal a partial decision. If the employer intends to make an appeal on the employee's residence permit decision, the employer must have a written power of attorney issued by the employee for that purpose.
Appeal instructions are attached to the decision. The specifications to which administrative court the complaint is lodged, what annexes are needed and how the complaint is submitted to the administrative court can be found there.