Apply for education or training - safeguard your unemployment benefit

As an unemployed jobseeker, you have the duty to apply for jobs or education/training. You will then be paid an unemployment benefit, for example labour market subsidy or an unemployment allowance.

Are you aged under 25 and without education or training following the completion of basic education or general upper secondary school that leads into a qualification and imparts vocational skills? In order to receive unemployment benefit you must apply in the spring for at least two places of study whose admission criteria you meet.

  • The education or training that you apply for does not need to be part of the joint application system. It may also comprise other education and training that leads into a qualification and imparts vocational skills, including university studies.
  • If you have only completed your basic education, you can apply for a place in two general upper secondary schools. The extent of your general upper secondary studies must be at minimum 75 courses.
  • In the spring of the year during which you take your matriculation examination, you must apply for education or training that starts in the autumn and imparts vocational skills.

You will lose your right to labour market subsidy from the beginning of the autumn term, or from 1 September, if

  • you fail to apply for a place in education or training without a valid reason
  • you are not admitted to education or training for reasons that are within your control
  • you refuse to accept a place in education or training.

If you drop out of your studies without a valid reason, you will lose your right to labour market subsidy from the date on which you interrupt your studies.

As a young person applying for unemployment benefit, you also have the duty to apply for education or training that imparts vocational skills. Previously, this duty only applied to young people who were receiving labour market subsidy. Currently, the right to unemployment benefit and to labour market subsidy are regulated under the same legal provisions.

You are eligible for labour market subsidy if

  • you are entering the labour market for the first time
  • you have been receiving an unemployment allowance for the maximum period.

The subsidy is only available for job seekers living in Finland. At the earliest, your right to the subsidy will begin from the date on which you register with the TE Office.

Activity requirement

Your activity as a jobseeker is inspected in periods of 65 days of payment of unemployment benefits, which corresponds to around three months of consecutive unemployment. In order to receive the unemployment benefits in full, you must be sufficiently engaged in work or services promoting employment during the 65-day inspection period. 

If a jobseeker has not sufficiently engaged in work or services promoting employment, his or her unemployment benefits will be subject to a 4.65 per cent reduction for the following 65 days. This corresponds to one day per month compensated for by the jobseeker. For more information about meeting the conditions for activity, see the payers' websites:

Kela (kela.fi)
Unemployment funds (tyj.fi)