Unemployment security

The purpose of unemployment security is to compensate for financial losses caused by unemployment. When you are an unemployed jobseeker, unemployment security will support you financially while you are looking for work and improve your capacity for entering or getting back into the job market.

Unemployment benefits include:

  • the earnings-related unemployment allowance
  • the basic allowance
  • the labour market subsidy

Additionally, you may be entitled to a supplementary unemployment allowance or the increase for the duration if services that promote employment that are listed in your employment plan, the plan that replaces this plan.

Your activity and the condition regarding previous employment affect your unemployment benefit

You are eligible for an unemployment allowance if you meet the condition of previous employment at the time of becoming unemployed.

  • If you have been a member of an unemployment fund for a minimum of 26 weeks and, during this time, fulfilled the employment condition, the unemployment fund will pay you earnings-related allowance.
  • If you are not a member of a fund, the Social Insurance Institution (Kela) will pay you basic allowance.

The unemployment funds and Kela will verify that you meet the condition of previous employment. If you do not meet it or if you have been receiving unemployment allowance for the maximum period, Kela will pay you labour market subsidy.

The condition for previous employment includes 75% of employment, which was subsidised with a pay subsidy.

As a rule, employment security lasts a maximum of 400 days.

  • If you have an employment history of no more than three years, you will be entitled to no more than 300 days of employment security.
  • If the condition for previous employment is fulfilled when you turn 58, you are entitled to at most 500 days of employment security.

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