Being laid off means that the employer temporarily suspends contractual work and the employee’s salary. During the lay-off period, the employment relationship will otherwise remain valid.
Being laid off might
The employer may lay an employee off on two different grounds:
The employer may lay off a fixed-term employee only if they are a substitute for a permanent employee and the employer would have the right to lay off the employee in question.
Due to the coronavirus epidemic, a fixed-term employee can be laid off in the same way as an employee with an indefinitely valid employment contract - this change is fixed-term and valid until 30 December 2020.
The employer and the employee may only agree on a lay-off for a fixed period and on the basis of the employer's activities and financial status.
If you are an employer within the scope of the Act on Co-operation within Undertakings, you must notify your TE Office of your cooperation negotiations. This notification must be made no later than the beginning of the procedure. Notice must be given of the negotiations if they could lead to lay-offs or redundancies, regardless of the number of persons affected by the negotiations.
The notification is free-form, but it must be submitted in writing. You can submit the notification to the change security expert for your area. The information can be found in the links on this page.
The employer must give the notice of the lay-off to the employee in person. If this is not possible, the notice can also be sent by letter or electronically.
The notice of the lay-off must be given 14 days before the start of the lay-off at latest.
Due to the coronavirus epidemic, it is possible to give the notice 5 days before the start of the lay-off at latest - this change is temporary and valid until 31 December 2020.
In some collective agreements, it may have been agreed that the notice period may also be longer.
The notice of the lay-off must specify the grounds for the lay-off, the start date of the lay-off and its duration or estimated duration. The duration of a fixed-term lay-off must be stated precisely.
The notice of the lay-off must also be delivered to the representatives of the employees to be laid off.
The employer must issue a written lay-off certificate by the employee’s request. The certificate must include at least the grounds for the lay-off, its start date and duration or its estimated duration.
If an employee is laid off, the regulations of the Act on Co-operation within Undertakings must be complied with if the company employs at least 20 employees on a regular basis.
Employer/employee negotiations are necessary
Due to the coronavirus epidemic, the negotiations are estimated to last 5 days if only lay-offs are under negotiation; this change is temporary and valid until 31 December 2020.
Employees who have been laid off have the right to use the same public employment services provided by the TE Office as those made redundant. These services include:
The employer can utilize TäsmäKoulutus training (targeted training) or Change Training to train laid-off personnel.
With larger-scale lay-offs, the TE Office provides company-specific advice on lay-offs.